X
GO

Bone Density

Bone Density/Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a serious disease of the bones. When a person has osteoporosis, the pores in the bone become much larger and make the bones brittle and weak. As a result, bones can break from a minor fall or, in more serious cases, even from simple actions such as sneezing or bumping into furniture. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, 60% of adults age 50 or older are at risk of breaking a bone due to osteoporosis.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

A medical evaluation and tests are necessary to detect the possibility of osteoporosis. Some of these tests include:

  • Physical Examination—After age 50, your height should be examined each year without shoes in order to detect any height loss and examine your spine.
  • Bone Density Test—This is the only test that can diagnose osteoporosis before a broken bone occurs. This test estimates the density of your bones and your probability for breaking a bone. It is administered by a DXA machine and is available in Thompson’s Breast Imaging Center.
  • FRAX Risk Assessment Tool—This tool uses information about your bone density and other risk factors to estimate your 10-year bone fracture risk. This test focuses on the major bones such as the spine, hip, forearm, and shoulder.

Testing is available at the:
Breast Imaging Center at UR Medicine’s Thompson Health
195 Parrish Street, Suite 103 (enter driveway at 229 Parrish Street)
Canandaigua
(585) 396-6651
You will need a doctor’s referral for this test.

What can you do to prevent osteoporosis?

There are many things you can do to protect your bones throughout your life.

  • Get enough calcium and vitamin D. These minerals are essential to building strong, dense bones and keeping them that way throughout your lifetime.
  • Engage in regular exercise. Two types of exercise are important for healthy bones: weight-bearing and muscle strengthening exercises. High-impact exercises such as aerobics and jogging/running help to build bones and keep them strong. Low-impact exercises such as using an elliptical machine, low-impact aerobics, and stair-step machines are a healthy alternative if you are unable to participate in more high impact activities.
  • Eat foods that are good for your bones such as fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables have potassium and magnesium, which help to neutralize the acids that draw minerals out of the bones during digestion and metabolism.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit alcohol to 2-3 drinks per day.

Bone Density Testing
Testing is available at the:
Breast Imaging Center at UR Medicine’s Thompson Health
195 Parrish Street, Suite 103 (enter driveway at 229 Parrish Street)
Canandaigua
(585) 396-6651
You will need a doctor’s referral for this test.