Skiing and Snowboarding Injuries
After enjoying the 2014 Olympic Winter Games in Sochi I figured it would be a good time to discuss some Skiing and Snowboarding injuries.
Thousands of people ski and snowboard each winter, but very few of them actually spend the time to properly get their body ready for the sport. Many times injuries occur as a result of poor weather conditions, and poor judgment on the part of the participant.
Most injuries are very traumatic, and are caused by being on dangerous train, lift accidents, falls, and collisions with other people or objects. In many instances, fatigue can be a key factor in leading to an injury.
Common issues are:
Most Common Injuries:
How are skiing/snowboarding injuries treated?
Most injuries are minor and can be treated conservatively with rest, bracing, and NSAID’s. Some fractures and ligament injuries may be more serious and require surgery and lengthy rehabilitation.
The best way to prevent injuries is to make sure you have proper instruction as well as properly fitted and well maintained equipment. The importance of a good warm-up and cool-down can never be overestimated. Wearing a helmet can help to prevent or lessen the severity of a head injury. Only about 48% of U.S. skiers routinely wear helmets. In terrain parks, other protective gear such as knee pads should be worn. The use of protective gear has reduced injuries of the head, neck, and face by 43%.
TIPS FROM THE PRO’S
The National Ski Areas Association Responsibility Code for Reducing Risk
PREVENTING WRESTLING INJURIES
Wrestling is one of the world’s oldest sports and is offered at various levels of competition. Athletes are paired against each other according to their weight class. This decreases the risk for injury. The most common injuries that occur are to the knee, shoulder, skin, and head.
Most Common Injuries
· Knee and Shoulder injuries occur with more severity and are responsible for the most lost time, surgeries, and treatment
Cauliflower ears - Caused by severe bruising of the ear structure. When this occurs the injury may need to be drained and the ear wrapped in a casting material. Wearing properly fitted headgear is the best way to prevent this injury.
Concussions – Wearing headgear with a frontal pad can help minimize the impact of the forehead and can help prevent concussions. Wearing a mouth guard can not only prevent tongue and tooth injuries, but can also help to prevent concussions.
Prepatella Bursitis – Inflammation of the bursa sac in the front of the kneecap. This injury is a result of constant contact with the mat. This can result in sharp pain and swelling. This is treated with NSAID’s such as ibuprofen, ice, and rest. The use of knee pads can help to prevent this injury or make it more manageable once it occurs.
Ligament Injuries – Most common are to the MCL or LCL. These injuries are the result of the knee twisting outward from the midline of the body. A 1st degree sprain can be treated with Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Often times an athlete can return to play quickly as the pain subsides. If the sprain is more severe, the athlete will need to be treated by a physician, although surgical intervention is rare. Prevent these injuries by maintaining good quad and hamstring strength, as well as flexibility.
Skin Infections – Wrestlers can suffer from skin infections, and they can spread from all the skin-to-skin contact. Some of the main infections in wrestling are herpes simplex, ringworm, and impetigo. However, MRSA, which is much more serious, can also occur.
Minimize the risk of a skin infection by:
If you suspect an infection, see your athletic trainer. If it is an infection, you will need to see your physician promptly to get a prescription for antibiotics. When infected, should avoid bodily contact until it is resolved.
Monitoring Weight Control – This can be achieved through proper control of diet and sound nutritional advice. New York goes through minimum weight certifications in order to establish a weight that is safe for each wrestler to participate at. This is calculated based on weight and percent body fat. All wrestlers must pass a hydration test prior to certification.